Over the years, Burkinabe agricultural growth has generally been limited by low productivity owing to climate conditions and land access constraints, but even more so due to limited access to agricultural inputs and equipment, including mechanisation. Indeed, only 44% of farmers have access to mechanisation across the country, while only 15% use improved seeds.
Agriculture is the backbone of the Ivorian economy, employing 70% of the labour force, contributing 30% of GDP and 60% of export earnings, and producing more than 10.7 million tonnes of food per year. Key exports products include cocoa, coffee, cotton, cashew, oil palm, rubber, pineapple, mango, banana poyo, wood and tuna.
Of planned investments
Contributing nearly half of national GDP and half of all employment, agriculture is a key sector for Ethiopia’s rapidly growing $118.2 billion economy. Equipped with a competitive labour market and serving as a major regional hub with easy access to both the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Middle-Eastern market.
Ghana was one of the first countries to sign a CAADP compact in October 2009, with the national Medium-Term Agriculture Sector Investment Plan (METASIP) providing a 2011-2015 investment roadmap which recognises the importance of supporting agriculture through a value-chain approach and the inclusion of smallholder farmers.
Kenya’s Vision 2030 affirms agriculture as the country’s economic backbone, and as vital to attaining its ambition of “a globally competitive and prosperous country with a high quality of life”. Accounting for almost 30% of GDP, 65% of exports and 60% of total employment, the sector is key to delivering on Vision 2030’s target of 10% annual economic growth.
Malawi's economy remains predominantly agro-based, with the sector accounting for more than 80% of export earnings and providing a livelihood for 85% of the population. Smallholder farmers contribute around three-quarters of agricultural production, with cropping systems dominated by a maize-based rain-fed cropping system.
Agriculture is a key priority for the Mozambican government as a means to reducing poverty and attaining food security. Mozambique boasts ideal growing conditions – plentiful water supply combined with diverse micro-climates – to support a broad range of agricultural commodities.
With 167 million people, Nigeria is Africa’s most populous nation and the 7th largest country in the world. Nigeria has huge potential agricultural assets, with 84 million ha of arable land, a youth labour force projected to reach 110 million by 2020, and 279 billion cubic metres of available water from three of Africa’s 8 greatest rivers.
Rwanda offers a highly conducive business environment and stable macro-economic framework for investment in agriculture. The country’s positive legal environment is further bolstered by strong governance structures, which have seen Rwanda rated as the least corrupt nation in sub-Saharan Africa, and Kigali as the safest capital in the region
Tanzania is one of the most open and stable democracies in Africa. The country is also favourably endowed with a rich natural resource base to support agriculture development, including a huge potential for irrigated agriculture, yet the sector attracts the least shares of foreign direct investment (FDI) stock despite impressive inflows of FDI to Tanzania.